mercoledì, dicembre 13, 2006
Risposte al Peak Oil: Il ritorno dell'agricoltura
Posted by Ugo Bardi
Rendersi conto dell'incombente picco del petrolio porta a molte reazioni. Alcune aggressive (bombardiamo gli arabi per prenderci il petrolio!) altre tecnological-fantasiose (embè? Tanto abbiamo l'idrogeno) al manico-depressivo (ho provviste in cantina e anche un AK-47 con un sacco di munizioni).
Per alcuni, tuttavia, la reazione prende un'atteggiamento più positivo, una è il ritorno dell'interesse in cose che la rivoluzione petrolifera ci aveva fatto dimenticare, l'agricoltura. Personalmente, confesso di non essere immune al fascino del radical-bucolico, se non altro perché la fotosintesi è un sistema di conversione dell'energia solare che funziona ed è ben collaudato con qualche miliardo di anni di operazione sulle spalle.
Una delle conseguenze del ritorno di interesse nell'agricoltura è un saggio che ho scritto sulla storia toscana, gentilmente ospitato da Rob Hopkins nel suo blog. Questo mi ha portato la risposta del sig. Aaron Newton dall'Ohio, che mi ha passato un suo testo che mi pare una cosa assai carina, e che vi posto qui.
Il sig. Newton dice che non è più tempo per le cose più grosse, più complicate, e più violente. Dice che è tempo di abbassare la potenza (powerdown). Si offre di mandarvi una ghianda se volete
A Summary: Beyond Energy Alternatives
The Third US Conference on Peak Oil and Community Solutions
September 2006 Yellow Springs, Ohio
By Aaron Newton
Albert Einstein said, "We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them." He also said, "Any fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius-and a lot of courage-to move in the opposite direction." I spent the weekend with genius and with courage, and I am happy to report that they are alive and well and working on our problems. Most Americans are not yet familiar with the coming tide of instability. Asleep and dreaming the American Dream, many are unaware of the issues associated with energy and environment that face our people and all of humankind. Scores of those who are aware of our troubles have convinced themselves that the answer lies in more of the same. But there are those who have another idea.
What a wonderful experience to be able to share a weekend with those who understand the need for change. I am excited and inspired and more full of hope than I have been in quite a while. I come away from the experience better informed and ready for action. I am happy about the friendships that grew out of the conference, and I am grateful for those who came to share the comprehension necessary for the next step. The time has come. We are ready to deploy our weapons of mass sustainability. Sharon Astyk made the remark that with an attendance of more than 250 people, the Third US Conference on Peak Oil and Community Solutions had more than the necessary number of people required to start a revolution. It is here. The time is now.
There are many well-meaning environmentalists moving to activate change in alternative fuel types, emission standards, pollution regulations and more. I have been dismayed though that these substitutes are at the forefront of the response to a peak in global oil production and the coming climate change. I don't doubt that the best of intentions are in mind when these "business as usual" suggestions are made. I continue to be skeptical though concerning the effectiveness of the message that "more is still better" and "all is possible if only we believe." Plan B has been the idea that more, bigger and faster is an acceptable idea and that we need only switch from one fuel source to another. More power plants are not a problem. We'll just pump the pollution underground. More cars are not a problem. We'll just fuel them with corn. More of everything isn't a problem we'll just… This has been the approach.
So while everyone else is scrambling to perpetuate the status quo, I went to Yellow Springs, Ohio, population 3500, to visit with a group of people who have a different idea. It's Plan C, and it's the idea that curtailment is necessary. Maybe we don't need more, bigger and faster. Maybe if we re-examine the problem, we'll find a solution so obvious and so remarkable that we will slap ourselves silly for not seeing it earlier. What if we purposely live with less? Alternative fuels are great. They will play a part in the coming energy descent. Of that I have no doubt, but will they save us? No. Misplaced faith in these alternatives could do more harm than good by perpetuating the idea that there isn't a problem at all. This is why I've been in search of another perspective from which to view our problems and now I've found it. Here is the idea that we can shrink ourselves into safety, security and happiness. Reduction and relocalization is an idea that is not only acceptable but palatable and actually, quite tasty. Think about it—it's exactly what we need.
Consumerism sucks. After September 11, 2001, I was told that the best thing I could do for my country was to go shopping. What a joke. There has been no real examination of the problem- we are taking too much. If the practice of consuming as much as possible leads to a better life, then it might be something worth fighting for. But it doesn't. Americans are fat and sick and disconnected from the natural world and from each other. We are in desperate need of health, we are in desperate need of time spent outside, and we are in desperate need of quality relationships in community with others. We have become desperate people. More than one quarter of us are reported to be seeking a simpler way of life. Given a choice, I think citizens (currently called consumers) of the United States of America are ready to trade in the broken nightmares of increased growth and irresponsible expansion for the happy realities of reasonable limits that will allow them to focus on family and friendship.
On Friday evening, David Orr framed the problem and on Saturday night Vicki Robin tempered our typical response. We were ready for the alternative presented by Pat Murphy and for the vision of Peter Bane. Along the way, it was incredibly inspiring to hear from Richard Heinberg, Julian Darley, Bob Brecha, Richard Olkson, Sharon Astyk, Megan Quinn and Jeff Christian about where we are going and what might be best way to get there. I was able to spend time with some of the speakers and audio of those interviews is forthcoming. So much good thought to share. I told my wife over the phone that I would need to take the rest of the year off to digest, write about and put in practice all I had learned over the course of one weekend. How else could a summary describe the success of this conference? Maybe I could write about how easy it was to talk to strangers or how beautiful the campus of Antioch College was at the being of autumn. Instead, how about a challenge...
When I left the closing remarks of the weekend on Sunday afternoon, I lingered on the main lawn of the campus under the shade of an old oak tree. It was in full fruit and the acorns were beautiful and bountiful. I picked quite a few. Would you like one? Would you like to take a seed and watch it grow? Would you like to be a part of a revolution, because we've got one and it is ready to run. I will send you an acorn for care and management. I hope for a progress report now and again. It will not be a hands-off experience. It will require getting a bit dirty, caring for and being responsible about a new (very old) way of being accountable and conscious concerning how you live and what is important in life. I will send you a seed, a physical representation of a weekend spent in planning about how we will respond as individuals and as a community to peak oil and climate change. All it takes is commitment. Join me. Grow trees. Nurture life. Cultivate the spirit of change and the path towards the answer to our problems. I am excited.
If you are interested in growing one of these important Oaks please email me: email@example.com
at 3:19 PM